ISSN: 0304-128X ISSN: 2233-9558
Copyright © 2024 KICHE. All rights reserved


Conflict of Interest
In relation to this article, we declare that there is no conflict of interest.
Publication history
Received November 9, 2023
Accepted January 17, 2024
articles This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Copyright © KIChE. All rights reserved.

Most Cited

리그노셀룰로오스 섬유-기반 3층 섬유판과 한지로 구성된 실내외 대기 오염물질 정화용 필터세트의 개발

Development of Filtering Sets Composed of Lignocellulosic Fiber-based 3-layers Fiberboard and Traditional Korean Paper for the Purification of Indoor and Outdoor Air Pollutants

서울대학교 농생명과학공동기기원 1서울대학교 그린바이오과학기술연구원 2(주)행복홈우드테크 3서울대학교 국제농업기술대학원
Seoul National University 1Seoul National University 2Happyhomewoodtech Co. Ltd. 3Seoul National University
Korean Chemical Engineering Research, February 2024, 62(1), 87-98(12), 10.9713/kcer.2024.62.1.87 Epub 1 February 2024
downloadDownload PDF


본 연구는 리그노셀룰로오스 섬유와 굴참나무 수피-기반 활성탄(COA)으로 제조한 3층 섬유판에 한지를 조합하여

제작한 섬유판 필터세트의 미세먼지(PM), 휘발성 유기화합물(TVOC), 폼알데하이드(HCHO) 여과능을 조사하기 위하

여 수행하였다. 단백질계 접착제를 적용하여 표층에 목섬유 그리고 심층에 재생섬유/COA로 제조한 섬유판(WRF)과

한지로 제작한 섬유판 필터세트는 일반향의 연소에 의하여 발생하는 상기 오염물질을 효과적으로 여과하였다. 섬유판

제조에 있어 표층/심층에 적용되는 접착제의 함지율을 4%/4%, 5%/3%, 6%/2%로 조절하여 WRF를 제조한 후, 이를

한지와 함께 WRF-기반 필터세트 제작에 이용하였다. 이 필터세트의 PM, TVOC, HCHO 여과능은 심층의 함지율이

감소함에 따라 향상되었다. 한편 WRF-기반 필터세트 구성에 있어 45 g/m2 평량의 한지보다 25 g/m2 평량의 한지(KP-

25g)를 사용하여 제작한 필터세트에서 여과능이 우수하였다. 표층에 재생섬유와 심층에 목섬유/COA로 제조한 섬유판

(RWF)과 KP-25g로 구성한 섬유판 필터세트의 여과능은 WRF와 비교하여 높았다. 소형 실내공간 및 대형 옥외공간에

WRF-기반 섬유판 필터세트 및 무필터 조건과 함께 측정한 PM 및 TVOC 여과능은 RWF-기반 섬유판 필터세트에서

높았다. 따라서 RWF와 KP-25g를 조합하여 제작한 섬유판 필터세트가 실내외 공간에 존재하는 PM, TVOC 여과용 필

터로서 적용이 가능할 것으로 생각한다.

This study was conducted to investigate the efficiency of the filtering sets composed of fiberboards, which were fabricated with lignocellulosic fiber and cork oak bark-based activated carbon (COA), as well as traditional Korean paper handmade from mulberry trees (KP) for the filtration of PM, TVOC and HCHO. Three-layers fiberboards (WRF) were fabricated with wood fiber in its surface layers and recycled fiber/COA in its core layer using a protein-based adhesive with the resin content of 8%. Filtering sets were composed of three WRF and one sheet of KP. Concentrations of PM, TVOC and HCHO generated with the combustion of a incense in a sealed laboratory hood were reduced efficiently with the operation of air-purifier installed the filtering sets. Except for the WRF fabricated with 4%/4% resin contents, other WRF were prepared with 5%/3% and 6%/2% resin contents in surface/core layers, and then the WRF were used with KP for the fabrication of filtering sets. Filtration efficiency of the filtering sets was improved as the corelayer resin content applied in the fabrication of WRF decreased. In addition, filtration efficiency of the WRF-based filtering set fabricated with KP of 25 g/m2 basis weight was higher than that with KP of 45 g/m2 basis weight. Filtering sets composed of three-layers fiberboards (RWF) that recycled fiber and wood fiber/COA were used in its surface and core layers, respectively, and KP-25g showed higher filtration efficiency than those of WRF-based filtering sets. Airinhalation equipment installed the RWF-based, WRF-based filtering sets and without filtering set were operated in small indoor and large outdoor spaces. Efficiency for filtering PM and TVOC of the RWF-based filtering sets was higher than that of other filtering sets. It is concluded that fiberboard-based filtering sets composed of RWF and KP-25g can be used as a filter for reducing the concentrations of PM and TVOC existed in indoor and outdoor spaces.


1. Ciencewicki, J. and Jaspers, I., “Air Pollution and Respiratory
Viral Infection,” Inhal. Toxicol., 19(14), 1135-1146(2007).
2. Morabet, R. E., Effects of Outdoor Air Pollution on Human
Health. In Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, 2nd Ed., Elsevier,
Amsterdam, 278-286(2019).
3. Fan, Z. and Lin, L., Exposure Science: Contaminant Mixtures.
In Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, Elsevier, Amsterdam,
4. Lee, C. H., “Developing Technologies and Evaluating Method
for Various Filters,” Korea Textile Development Institute(2019).
[accessed at January 13, 2020].
5. Mao, J., Grgic, B., Finlay, W. H., Kadla, J. F. and Kerekes, R. J.,
“Wood Pulp Based Filters for Removal of Sub-micrometer Aerosol
Particles,” Nord. Pulp Paper Res. J., 23(4), 420-425(2008).
6. Mao, J., Kadla, J. F. and Kerekes, R. J., “Retaining Surface
Fibrillation of Wet-beaten Wood Pulp in the Dry State,” Tappi J.,
July, 25-30(2009).
7. Macfarlane, A. L., Kadla, J. F. and Kerekes, R. J., “High Performance
Air Filters Produced from Freeze-dried Fibrillated Wood
Pulp: Fiber Network Compression due to the Freezing Process,”
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 51(320), 10,702-10,711(2012).
8. Jonoobi, M., Oladi, R., Davoudpour, Y., Oksman, K., Dufresne,
A., Hamzeh, Y. and Davoodi, R., “Different Preparation Methods
and Properties of Nanostructured Cellulose from Various
Natural Resources and Residues: A Review,” Cellulose, 22, 935-
9. Du, D., Guo, X., Xu, Y. and Yang, X., “Performance Study about a
New Kind Wood Fiber Filter Element Utilized in Capturing Diesel
Particulate Material,” J. Wood Sci., 65, 12(2019).
10. Guo, X., Ha, K.H. and Du, D., “New Experiment of Diesel Exhaust
Treatment by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma–wood Fiber Combination,”
Catalysts, 10, 577(2010).
11. Yang, Q., Zhao, G., Wu, Y., Zhang, B., Hu, J., Hui, L. and Liu,
Z., “Lab-scale Design of Two Layers Wood Cellulose Filter Media
to Maximize Life Span for Intake Air Filtration,” Sci. Re., 11,
12. Hutten, I. M., Raw Materials for Nonwoven Filter Media, In
Handbook of nonwoven filter media. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 122-
13. Guo, X., Ha, K. H. and Du, D. “New Experiment of Diesel
Exhaust Treatment by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma–Wood Fiber
Combination,” Catalysts, 10(5), 577(2020).
14. Kim, M., Jang, Y. and Park, D., “Determination of the Optimum
Removal Efficiency of Fine Particulate Matter Using Activated
Carbon Fiber (ACF),” IJERPH, 17(21), 8230(2020).
15. Das, D., Gaur, V. and Verma, N., “Removal of Volatile Organic
Compound by Activated Carbon Fiber,” Carbon, 42, 2949-2962
16. Kim, S. Y., Yoon, Y. H. and Kim, K. S. “Performance of Activated
Carbon-impregnated Cellulose Filters for Indoor VOCs
and Dust Control,” IJEST, 13, 2189-2198(2006).
17. Nwali, C. J., “Volatile Organic Compounds Removal by Adsorption
on Activated Carbon Filters,” Int. J. Adv. Res. Chem. Sci., 1(3),
18. Huang, S., Chung, T. and Wu, H., “Effects of Molecular Properties
on Adsorption of Six-carbon VOCs by Activated Carbon
in a Fixed Adsorber,” ACS Omega, 6(8), 5825-5835(2021).
19. Choi, Y. J., Lee, Y. S. and Im, J. S., “Effect of Pore Structure of
Activated Carbon Fiber on Mechanical Properties,” J. Ind. Eng.
Chem., 29, 318-324(2018).
20. Yang, I., Park, D., Choi, W., Oh, S. C., Ahn, D. and Han, G.
“Reaction Mechanism and Curing Characteristics of Chicken
Feather-Based Adhesives and Adhesive Properties of Medium-
Density Fiberboard Bonded with the Adhesive Resins,” Korean
Chem. Eng. Res. 55(3), 385-394(2017).
21. Yang, I., So, J. M., Hwang, J. W., Choi, J. W., Lee, Y., Choi, W.,
Oh, S. W. and Moon, M. C., “Evaluating the Applicability of Activated
Carbon-added Fiberboard Filters Fabricated with Lignocellulosic
Fiber for the Reduction Equipment of Particulate Matter,” Korean Chem. Eng. Res., 59(4), 548-556(2021).
22. Thévenon, M., Tondi, G. and Pizzi, A. “Environmentally Friendly
Wood Preservative System Based on Polymerized Tannin Resinboric
Acid for Outdoor Application,” Maderas. Cienciay Tecnología,
12(3), 253-257(2010).

The Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers. F5, 119, Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, 233 Spring Street Seoul 02856, South Korea.
Phone No. +82-2-458-3078FAX No. +82-507-804-0669E-mail :

Copyright (C) KICHE.all rights reserved.

- Korean Chemical Engineering Research 상단으로