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Received March 30, 2023
Revised July 5, 2023
Accepted July 6, 2023
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공기부양반응기 내에서의 액체순환속도를 위한 모델

A Model for Liquid Circulation Velocity in Airlift Reactors

한밭대학교 화학생명공학과 34158 대전광역시 유성구 동서대로 125
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Hanbat National University, 125, Dongseodaero, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 34158, Korea
Korean Chemical Engineering Research, August 2023, 61(3), 446-455(10), 10.9713/kcer.2023.61.3.446 Epub 31 August 2023
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공기부양반응기(airlift reactor) 내의 액체순환속도(liquid circulation velocity)를 예측하기 위한 수학적 모형이 유체순 환고리(fluid circulation loop)에 대한 기계적 에너지 수지를 기초로 개발되었다. 그 모형은 90° 방향전환으로 인한 에 너지 손실과 반응기의 각 부위에서의 마찰로 인한 에너지 손실 그리고 단면적의 변화로 인한 에너지 손실을 모두 고 려하였다. 마찰과 방향전환 그리고 단면적 변화에 의한 손실계수를 각각 고려한 모형이 집중매개변수(lumped parameter)를 사용한 기존의 모형보다 액체순환속도를 더 잘 예측할 수 있었다. 순환액체속도는 추적자펄스방법(tracer pulse method) 으로 측정하였다. 개발된 모형은 상하부에 연결관(connecting pipe)을 갖는 외부순환 공기부양반응기에서 얻은 본 연구의 실 험 결과의 대부분은 물론이고 다양한 형태의 공기부양반응기에서 얻어진 다른 연구자들의 결과도 ±20%이내의 오차로 잘 예측할 수 있었다. 외부 및 내부순환 공기부양반응기에서 순환유체의 90° 방향전환과 관련된 손실계수에 대한 유용한 실험식을 구하여 액체순환속도를 예측하는 데 사용하였다.

A mathematical model for predicting the liquid circulation velocity in an airlift reactor was developed based on the mechanical energy balance of the fluid circulation loop. The model considered the energy loss due to a 90° turn, the energy loss due to friction, and the energy loss due to the change in cross-sectional area at each part of the reactor. The model that separately considered the loss coefficients related to friction, direction change, and crosssectional area change was able to predict the liquid circulation velocity better than the previous model using lumped parameters. The liquid circulation velocity was measured by the tracer pulse method. Most of our experimental results obtained in external-loop airlift reactors, which had the top and bottom connecting pipes, as well as other investigators' results obtained in various types of airlift reactors, were well predicted by the developed model with an error within 20%. Useful empirical equations for the loss coefficient related to the 90° turn of the circulating fluid were obtained in external and internal-loop airlift reactors and used to predict the liquid circulation velocity.


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