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Received March 5, 2008
Accepted June 19, 2008
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해양조류로부터 바이오에너지 생산: 현황 및 전망

Production of Bio-energy from Marine Algae: Status and Perspectives

신라대학교 생명공학과, 617-736 부산시 사상구 괘법동 산 1-1번지 1부경대학교 응용화학공학부, 608-739 부산시 남구 용당동 산 100 번지
Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, College of Engineering, Silla University, san 1-1, Kwaebop-dong, Sasang-gu, Busan 617-736, Korea 1Division of Applied Chemical Engineering, Pukyoug National University, San 100, Yongdang-dong, Nam-gu, Busan 608-739, Korea
Korean Chemical Engineering Research, October 2008, 46(5), 833-844(12), NONE Epub 10 November 2008
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바이오에너지는 화석연료의 소비를 감소시키는 기회를 제공한다. 태양, 바람, 수력발전 및 지열, 그리고 바이오매스 자원으로부터 생성된 에너지는 재생이 가능하다. 대부분의 바이오에너지들은 태양으로부터 직ㆍ간접적으로 생산되기 때문에 화석연료와 달리 신재생에너지의 충분한 공급이 가능하다. 또한 바이오에너지의 이용은 환경적인 측면 뿐 아니라 정치, 경제적으로 이익을 제공한다. 바이오에너지는 이산화탄소의 순증가가 없고 무공해의 에너지 형태를 제공하는 해양 자원으로부터 생산 될 수 있다. 본 총설에서는 지구의 약 75%가 바다로 이루어져 있음을 고려해 볼 때 바이오에너지 생산을 위한 해양 바이오매스의 잠재력에 대해 검토한다.
Bio-energy offers the opportunity to lessen fossil fuel consumption. Energy derived from solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal, and biomass sources are considered renewable. Because most forms of bio-energy are derive deither directly or indirectly from the sun, there is an abundant supply of renewable energy available, unlike fossil fuels. The use of bio-energy also provides environmental, economic and political benefits. Bio-energy can be produced from a marine source such as biomass provides a CO2 neutral, non-polluting form of energy. In this paper, the potential of marine biomass is increasingly discussed, given the size of the resource in that more than three quarters of the surface of planet earth is covered by water.


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