Search / Korean Chemical Engineering Research
Korean Chemical Engineering Research,
Vol.57, No.5, 695-700, 2019
안트라퀴논과 템포 활물질 기반 수계 유기 레독스 흐름 전지에서의 멤브레인 효과
The effects of different membranes on the performance of aqueous organic redox flow battery using anthraquinone and TEMPO redox couple
본 연구에서는 유기물인 안트라퀴논(AQDS)와 템포(TEMPO) 를 활물질로 사용하고 N 중성 전해질 기반 수계 유기 레독스 흐름전지 성능이 멤브레인에 따라 어떻게 영향을 받는지 분석하였다. 안트라퀴논과 템포 모두 중성 전해질인 염화칼륨(KCl) 전해질에 대해 높은 전자전달성(0.068 V의 산화 반응 및 환원 반응의 피크 전위차) 및 셀전압(1.17 V)을 얻을 수 있었다. 성능비교를 위해 사용한 멤브레인으로, 상용 양이온 교환막 중 하나인 Nafion 212를 사용하였을 때, 0.1M 활물질을 1 M 염화칼륨 전해질에 용해해서 작동한 레독스 흐름전지 완전지 테스트를 통해, 전류효율 97%, 전 압 효율 59%의 성능을 나타내었지만, 방전 용량(discharge capacity)은 4 사이클에서 0.93 Ah·L-1로 이론 용량(2.68 Ah·L-1)의 35%를 도달하였으며, 총 10사이클 동안 방전 용량의 용량 손실율(capacity loss rate)은 0.018 Ah·L-1/cycle 이다. 그 외에도 Nafion 117 멤브레인, SELEMION CSO 멤브레인을 사용하여 단전지 성능을 테스트하였을 때, 오히 려 저항 증가 및 투과 유도로 인해 더 큰 용량 손실을 이끌었다.
In this study, the evaluation of performance of AORFB using anthraquinone derivative and TEMPO derivative as active materials in neutral supporting electrolyte with various membrane types was performed. Both anthraquinone derivative and TEMPO derivative showed high electron transfer rate (the difference between anodic and cathodic peak potential was 0.068 V) and the cell voltage is 1.17 V. The single cell test of the AORFB using 0.1 M active materials in 1 M KCl solution with using Nafion 212 membrane, which is commercial cation exchange membrane was performed, and the charge efficiency (CE) was 97% and voltage efficiency (VE) was 59%. In addition, the discharge capacity was 0.93 Ah·L-1 which is 35% of theoretical capacity (2.68 Ah·L-1) at 4th cycle and the capacity loss rate was 0.018 Ah·L-1/cycle during 10 cycles. The single cell tests were performed with using Nafion 117 membrane and SELEMION CSO membrane. However, the results were more not good because of increased resistance because of thicker thickness of membrane and increased cross-over of active materials, respectively.
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